In 1876, the Town of Hutto was established when the International and Great Northern Railroad was built three miles north of Shiloh. A small farming community, Shiloh was near the crossroads of FM 135 and FM 139 on the north side of Brushy Creek.
The McCutcheon-Shiloh Cemetery is all that remains of the once-thriving town. In 1848, the year of Williamson County’s founding, Nelson Morey and Josiah Taylor both opened stores in Shiloh.
There was a school and a church. Residents included the well-known Juvenal, Kuykendall, Stearns, Smalley, Swindoll, and Wilbarger families.
A log house stood nearby, built by Adam Orgain, the first person to live in what we now call Hutto, a Black man born a slave in 1837.
Much information about Adam (Addam) Orgain (Organ) is supposition. 1880 United States Census records show that he was born a slave in 1837 in Tennessee and that his name was “Addam Organ.” Numerous other records and writings, including Williamson County Probate Records, show his name to be “Adam Orgain”, which based on common spelling and his white owner’s surname is probably correct.
International & Great Northern Railroad
When his owner, John Henry Orgain and other Orgain (Organ) relatives, moved to central Texas in the early 1850’s, Adam Orgain was forced to go to Texas as well. Growing anti-slave sentiment in Tennessee may have prompted the white Orgain families to move to Texas to protect their “holdings” and seek new opportunities. This same scenario had occurred with many other Tennessee and Southern State slave owner families that had relocated to Texas.
In 1854, at the young age of seventeen, Adam was placed out alone on the Blackland Prairie not far from Cottonwood Creek in what is now Hutto to watch over the ranching interests of his master, John Henry Orgain.To learn more, please click here.
While constructing the International and Great Northern Railroad, the railroad company also purchased five acres of land for a designated station stop. This created the Town of Hutto, which was named after James Emory Hutto, who was born June 8, 1824, in Alabama.
Hutto made his way to Texas in 1847 at the age of 23 and served in the Confederate Army for three years. When the Hutto post office opened on June 27, 1877, officials appointed James E. Hutto postmaster. He became one of the most prosperous cattlemen in the county. He and his wife, Margaret Hughes, also from Alabama, raised eight children.
In 1885 they moved to Waco, where James operated a very successful hardware business.
Sons of Hutto
The eldest son of James E. and Margaret Hutto was John R. Hutto, who operated the Hutto gin and farmed. The second son, James E. Hutto, followed in his father’s footsteps and became a very successful cattleman and later, cotton farmer. Other sons – William T., Charles W., and Robert B. – were prosperous in both the cattle and cotton industries.